State's disengagement leads to a structuration of farmers' organisations
In Mali, the agricultural sector employs most of the working population, but contributes little to the national economy. The causes of this poor performance mainly include climatic hazards, a poor organisation of the organisations, a lack of equipment for farmers and insufficient access to information and credit.
As a result, a rural association movement was set up in Mali in the nineties to supervise farmers in place of the state.
Joining forces to boost agricultural activity
In order to become the sole and legitimate interlocutor of the state, farmers’ organisations had to get together, hence the creation of the National Coordination of Farmers’ Organisations of Mali (CNOP). While enjoying recognition since 2004, the CNOP intends to be a space for reflection and consultation, in order to strengthen collaboration and exchanges between farmers’ organisations in Mali.
The objective of the CNOP is to make Malian agriculture trigger the economic, social and cultural development of the country. It carries out important advocacy work (promotion of family farming and agro-ecology) and information work (establishment of an observatory of family farming).
CNOP & SOS FAIM
The partnership between CNOP and SOS Faim began in 2006. SOS Faim provides technical and financial support for establishing and running the CNOP observatory on family farming. We also contribute financially to the organisation of the CNOP (salaries, building rental, operating costs) and support activities related to the dissemination of agro-ecological practices.
The agricultural land law in 2017 testifies to the effectiveness of the CNOP’s action. Indeed, this law has reinforced the agricultural aids that had been defined by the agricultural orientation law in 2006:
- Setting up land commissions to decentralise agricultural land management and to involve the population
- Issuing certificates of land ownership to secure individual and collective land rights for family farms and agricultural enterprises
The CNOP also organises every year a meeting of farmers’ relays who are trained in agro-ecology and who promote these eco-friendly production methods. In 2017, 578 farmers’ relays were part of the network.
Finally, the CNOP organises twice a year the meetings of the national platform on farm-based agro-ecology. It has an International Training Centre in Farm-based Agroecology Nyeleni de Selingué (CIFAN).
What prospects ?
In the coming years, the CNOP plans to strengthen its advocacy work for including family farms in agricultural policies. It wishes to ensure the follow-up of decrees implementing the agricultural land law, particularly on the constitution of village land commissions.
Finally, the CNOP wishes to train new farmers’ relays in agro-ecology.