Malian farmers facing climate change and damage of natural resources
In Mali, the cereal production has increased during the last 20 years with a particular increase of cultivated areas which led to progressive land degradation. With such a situation, producers need to adapt themselves to the effects of climate change and natural resources degradation. Due to this, the Association of Professional Farmers’ Organisations (AOPP) adopted a particular line related to climate change, called “Adaptation au changement climatique et implication pour une meilleure gestion de l’environnement” (“Adaptation to climate change and involvement to manage better the environment”) in its new strategic plan.
Uniting to fight together economic and climate risks
At national level, the AOPP was created in 1995 by farmers’ organisations in order to unite and defend small farmers’ interests as they face important economic and climate risks. The general purpose of the AOPP is to improve the living conditions of producers and food self-sufficiency in the context of family farming. The AOPP is composed of more than 200 farmer organisations (FO): trade unions, cooperatives, cereal banks, farmers’ organisations of integrated development distributed in 8 administrative Malian regions.
In order to fulfill the needs of strengthening producers’ technical and economic capacities, the AOPP created 5 thematic committees from 1997 to 2003. Among these technical committees, we can mention the committee “Cereals” which is directly involved in the adaptation strategy to climate change supported by SOS Faim.
From 2014 to 2016, SOS Faim will support the following activities: training on cultural techniques for seeds production and on stock management, supply of production equipment to the seeds FO, capitalisation and spread of good practical adaptations to the effects of climate change.
These activities will be organised in three administrative regions in Mali, with 12 farmer organisations composed of 2,400 members.